Acne skin – what are its charactetistics and how to take care of it?
Data publikacji: 03.09.2018
Ostatnia modyfikacja: 18.06.2020
Acne is a serious problem that affects not only teenagers as it can also happen to adults. The basis for fighting it is the correct diagnosis of acne and the proper care of the affected skin. How to recognise acne skin and how to care for it at home and in a professional way? What is rosacea and when should I see a specialist? You will find answers to all these questions in the article below.
How to recognise acne skin?
Acne is a disease that manifests as purulent pustules, eruptions and blackheads. This happens when the sebaceous glands are over-stimulated and produce too much sebum. This is accompanied by hyperkeratosis of the epidermis, which causes obstruction of the mouth of the glands. In such an environment, bacteria that cause local inflammation multiply.
Acne skin is prone to excessive sebum production, which is why it usually shines and is greasy to the touch. Even washing your face with soap and water does not change this, and exposure to the sun aggravates the problem. The pores are enlarged and clearly visible. Often, blackheads and pimples are formed on it. Diagnosis of acne skin is not so difficult.
How to care for acne skin?
Acne skin requires special care, which allows it to reduce its problems and the formation of subsequent changes. Complying with this type of complexion is a key element of treatment. So let’s see how to care for her every day.
Home methods to fight the disease
Home treatments for acne skin, even if they do not treat the cause itself, allow you to maintain proper skin hygiene, and thus reduce the number of clogged pores and purulent pimples. So if you have this type of skin, you must remember a few important rules.
The most important is exfoliation, cleansing and proper moisturising performed at regular intervals. The type and quality of cosmetics used for this purpose is of great importance.
The main thing to keep in mind is not over-drying acne-prone skin. This could cause a natural skin response, which is excessive sebum production and as a result the problem would get worse instead of disappearing. For daily care of acne skin, use gentle micellar fluids or tonics without alcohol. Lack of alcohol content is a must, it must be remembered absolutely. Choose cosmetics that are neutral or slightly acidic and are free of fats. It is also worth going for creams containing minerals such as zinc and copper derivatives.
Professional treatments in a beauty salon
Regardless of whether you can take care of your acne prone skin yourself or not, you should regularly use the services of a good cosmetician. Only in a professional salon can you perform procedures that will effectively and safely help you clean and moisturise the skin, clean clogged pores and remove the horny layer of the epidermis. What treatments are worth using? Here are a few of them:
- enzymatic peeling is a peeling using acids. Properly selected acid in the right concentration for your skin exfoliates dead skin perfectly. Thanks to this, it opens and cleanses clogged skin pores. But that’s not all, because the peeling can also have a moisturising, antiseptic and soothing effect. It removes local inflammation, leaving the skin clean and healthy. Salicylic acid works great for oily and acne prone skin.
- cavitation peeling – this treatment cleanses the skin in an effective and safe way. It is the best alternative to manual removal of blackheads and pimples, which even stimulates the skin to intensify sebum production. Thanks to cavitation peeling, your skin will not only be clean, but also healthy. This treatment perfectly removes calluses and all impurities, opens and cleanses the pores. It does not cause side effects in the form of redness or local inflammation. Cavitation peeling consists in subjecting the skin, previously moistened, to the action of sound waves emitted by a specially designed device. The skin prepared in this way can then be subjected to other treatments, for example moisturising. The treatment is completely painless.
- Microdermabrasion – this is a procedure that removes dead skin and impurities mechanically. For this purpose, a device equipped with a diamond head is used, which gently rubs subsequent layers of skin. It is particularly effective in cleansing acne skin, but it also has other positive effects on the skin as it removes discolouration, wrinkles and acne scars.
Rosacea is a disease whose symptoms include unsightly looking pimples, redness and patches. The reasons for its occurrence can be difficult to determine. It was noticed that this disease often occurs in the company of other health problems, which may include gastrointestinal diseases, allergies or hypertension.
The basis of rosacea is complex and it is necessary to calculate genetic predisposition, skin colour (people with fair skin are more susceptible to it), irregularities in the functioning of the endocrine and vascular system, incorrect diet, local skin infections and even stress.
The occurrence of rosacea is limited only to the skin of the face. This disease affects women more often, although it is more severe in men and its symptoms usually worsen between the ages of 40 and 60.
Knowledge of its course will certainly help in the correct diagnosis. Rosacea has three phases:
- erythematous phase– erythema, i.e. redness, is visible on the skin of the face. The blood vessels are dilated and the skin is tense, sometimes itching can also be felt.
- papulo-pustular phase – pimples, papules and pustules appear on the skin that slightly peel off.
- infliltrative or hypertrophic changes – occurs almost exclusively in men and is characterised by the presence of merging nodules, which sometimes overgrow and fibrin. It also happens that there are complications involving the eyeballs i.e. conjunctivitis, and even keratitis or iris.
Rosacea treatment is based on:
- giving the patient appropriate medicines – depending on the cause of the disease, these are antibiotics, retinoids or steroids. Pastes and masks with a high content of minerals work well;
- avoiding factors that aggravate the symptoms of the disease – alcohol, stress, strong tea, sun baths, rapid temperature changes, bathing in too warm water and intense physical effort.
Acne is a serious problem, but you can fight it effectively. It’s worth it because the unsightly facial pimples and blackheads can seriously shake your sense of attraction. If you cannot prevent the appearance of further efflorescence through daily care, visit a good beauty salon where you will find the help of a dermatologist or cosmetologist.