Acid facial – How to match acid to your skin type?
Data publikacji: 31.08.2018
Ostatnia modyfikacja: 18.06.2020
Probably every woman has a peeling cream for the face in her bathroom. The advantages of its use are many, and they do not need to be mentioned. It cleanses the skin well, leaving it smooth and refreshed. However, it should be remembered that cosmetics intended for use at home do not provide such a professional and long-lasting effect as those used in a beauty salon. Thus, it is worth making a decision about undergoing acid cleansing. What acids are used in cosmetics, how do they work and how to choose the best for yourself? Here is a guide on this issue.
Facial cleansing with acids is basically a peeling, but only chemical, not mechanical one as at home. Its implementation makes the entire epidermis exfoliated. This happens as a result of loosening the bonds between the cells of the upper layer of the skin. Dead cells are removed along with contaminants. The pores are unblocked and the skin is clean. Such in-depth skin cleansing cannot be done using home methods.
What acids are used in cosmetics?
Acids in cosmetics have been used for millennia, so they are nothing new. Cleopatra was already bathing in milk, which provided her with smooth and light skin thanks to the acid it contains – lactic acid. Currently, however, many more types are used including:
- salicylic acid – is a natural ingredient in many plants. For cosmetics, it is extracted from willow bark. It effectively dissolves callous epidermis, also has disinfectant, anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory properties. It reduces the visibility of scars and stimulates epidermis reconstruction processes.
- ferulic acid – also a compound of natural origin. It can be found in rice, wheat, rye, deciduous tree bark and tree leaves. It removes free radicals from the skin and inhibits their formation, improves skin colour and overall condition. It also stimulates the skin’s defenses.
- glycolic acid – is one of the components of sugar cane. Its effect on the skin is very broad – it smoothes the skin, brightens and makes it radiant, moisturises, reduces wrinkles. It also has the ability to stimulate the skin to produce elastin and collagen.
- lactobionic acid – is obtained as a result of the oxidation process of lactose, i.e. sugar found in milk. Its action is mild and does not cause skin irritation, burning or excessive flaking. It regenerates and soothes, stimulates the production of collagen and elastin in the skin.
- lactic acid – you’ll find it in sour milk, kefir, yogurt and silage. It exfoliates the skin well, smoothes and moisturises the skin. It also reduces wrinkles, evens skin tone, reduces inflammation.
- azelaic acid – has antioxidant and antibacterial properties, evens out skin tone and prevents new discolouration, reduces inflammation, prevents blackheads, reduces scars.
What acid for skin cleansing should you choose?
Such a variety of acids for chemical peelings makes it possible to match any type of skin that will not only effectively cleanse the skin, but also help solve problems related to it. These problems include hyperpigmentation, acne, blackheads, wrinkles and scars.
Acid for acne skin
In cleansing acne skin, acid with deep cleansing and antiseptic properties is useful. One that reaches deep layers of the skin and narrows its pores. Such properties has salicylic acid, which helps in the treatment of acne of various origins.
However, to be able to use the effects of salicylic acid, it must be used in the right concentration. Therefore, you should always use the services of a trusted beauty salon.
A great way to get rid of wrinkles is to use ferulic acid peeling. It is especially recommended for mature skin, affected not only by wrinkles, but also by discolouration, loss of firmness, and sun spots.
Ferulic acid not only rejuvenates the skin, but also prevents its further aging, catching free radicals and blocking the formation of new ones. It also stimulates its natural defense processes. It can be applied to delicate skin around the eyes.
An effective way to discolour
Glycolic acid is a powerful weapon in the fight against discolouration. While choosing it, however, you can count not only on even skin colour and removal of skin spots, but also on smoothing the skin, moisturising and brightening it, as well as reducing wrinkles.
Like other acids, glycolic acid should also be used in the right concentration, and the treatment itself consists of stages that must be carefully followed. That is why it is so important to choose a tried and tested, trusted clinic.
Therapy for delicate and irritated skin
Even for delicate and irritated skin there will be a rescue. Cleansing requires more gentle action, and lactobionic acid turns out to be the best here. It works like other acids used for facial cleansing, but also has soothing and regenerating properties.
Lactobionic acid can be used on skin with the problem of seborrheic acne, inflammation or atopic dermatitis.
Scars are a particularly troublesome “decoration” of a woman’s face. The most unsightly scars left on the skin by acne; they are in the form of smaller or larger pits that disfigure the cheeks, nose, chin and forehead. Fortunately, the right peeling acid will handle them quickly and efficiently.
Lactic acid is the one that works especially well in removing scars. It strongly exfoliates the epidermis, revealing a healthy layer of skin, moisturising it and smoothing it, and even out its tone. It also stimulates repair processes in the skin.
Effective control of blackheads
Blackheads are a particularly onerous, but also very common problem. These are unsightly-looking, dark spots of microscopic size, which are formed as a result of clogging the pores of the skin with fat and impurities.
The solution to the problem of blackheads is azelaic acid, which not only effectively exfoliates the epidermis layer, but also unblocks pores, inhibits bacterial growth, heals acne and inflammatory skin changes.
Acid cleansing is not only an effective, but also a safe method for removing a variety of skin-related problems. The most important, however, is choosing the right type of acid. Therefore, you should always use the services of a good beauty salon.